Prolotherapy is an injection-based treatment used for chronic musculoskeletal conditions as well as for bodily pains. Research studies also suggest that prolotherapy can be an effective treatment option for conditions that can cause movement dysfunction such as rotator cuff lesions. Rotator cuff lesions are one of the major causes of dysfunction and chronic shoulder pain in patients. A study published in the Journal of Orthopedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research, aimed to explore the effectiveness of using prolotherapy to treat patients suffering from rotator cuff lesions. The study used 120 patients suffering from chronic rotator cuff lesions for a period longer than six months. The patients were divided into two groups: the control group which was treated only with exercise, and the treatment group which was treated with ultra-sound guided prolotherapy injections. The study lasted a period of twelve weeks. Both the control as well as well as the treatment group were instructed to perform an assigned set of physical exercises at home in addition to receiving their respective in-clinic treatments. The study used Visual Analog Scale, Shoulder Pain and Disability Index, Western Ontario Rotator Cuff Index, and shoulder range of motion tests to asses all participants shoulder levels of functionality prior to beginning the study, at the third week mark, sixth-week mark, twelve-week mark, and after one-year follow-up. Out of the initial 120 participants that were recruited and approved for the study, only 101 completed all the treatments and protocols instructed and were included as part of the results. The study used a within-group comparison method to asses the results of both control and treatment groups and found that overall, both groups reported significant improvements of shoulder mobility and decrease of pain. The study also found significant differences in the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index, Western Ontario Rotator Cuff Index, and Range of motion tests results between both groups at the sixth and twelve-week assessments, with the prolotherapy group having better scores and less pain. The study concluded that prolotherapy is an effective treatment option for patients suffering from chronic rotator cuff lesions.
If you are interested in learning more about prolotherapy or receiving prolotherapy treatments, please visit Seattle Naturopathic and Acupuncture Center.